- 1 How to Choose Specialized Router Bits:
- 2 1.Edge Forming Bits:
- 3 2. Core Box Router Bits:
- 4 3. Finger Joint Bits:
- 5 4. Stile and Rail Router Bits:
- 6 5. Tongue and Groove Router Bits:
- 7 6. 45° Lock Miter Router Bits:
- 8 7. Spiral Mortising Router Bits:
- 9 8. Beading Molding Bit:
- 10 9. Bullnose Router Bits:
- 11 10. Keyhole Router Bits:
- 12 Summary:
You just bought a wood router that is consider a versatile tool in any wood worker’s shop, but without bits, this tool is nothing more than a powerful spinning motor.
You already have all the basic bits that every wood working book on the market has recommend. The problem is now you are looking for specialty bits for a project you have in mind, but with so many specialized bits your not sure where to start and want to know what each of them really do. Not only are there the individual bits, but there are also several router bit sets on the market that range from a 33 piece beginner set to as much as an 88 piece set with a case. All these bits have been designed and perfected over the years to create very specific cutting styles.
There are bits for all types of detailing, cutting slots, creating molding, and notches for joining two pieces of wood together. There are even router bits designed just for writing in wood and the list goes on and on. In fact there are over a hundred different shapes, sizes and styles of router bits available on the market to select from. Because of all these different bits this makes the wood router one of the most versatile tools you will every own.
But with all these bits available, knowing which ones you need or should purchase can be really difficult, especially if you’re interested in expanding your collection or looking to purchase a set with a wider range of specialized bits. The first thing you should know before purchasing router bits is that they come in many profiles.Especially the molding bits. Profile is the term for the shape of the cutting edge on the bit.
The second things is what are the best top ten advance router bits that every wood worker needs to purchase to get started on any project? I did some research and came up with this list of the top 10 specialized router bits that every intermediate or advanced wood crafter would love to have in their workshop.
As their name applies, edge-forming bits are used to cut a decorative edge. Ogee, Round-Over, Cove and Edge-beading bits fall into this category of bits. Many edge-forming bits include a pilot bearing. In most cases, these bits are used for final decoration of a project where edges have already been established and can serve as guides for the bit.
Core box bits are used to cut half-round grooves for fluted moldings, columns, mill work, and signs. It’s most often used to rout flutes in columns and vertical stiles, but is also useful for routing decorative grooves in door panels and for carving wooden plates and platters.When used with an edge guide, this bit will also cuts coves.This is a non piloted router bit that cuts round-bottomed grooves. The bit is available in cutting diameters ranging from 1/8 to 1-1/2 inches, but the best sizes are a 1/4- or 3/8-inch-diameter.
The finger joint bits cuts finger like extensions to create a maximum gluing surface area for superior edge joints and splice joints. The fingers have a wedged shape, which when clamped together, helps to close up the joint without any gaps into the ends of two pieces of wood. When glued together, these extensions form a level surface. This bit requires a router table and also comes with bearing that can expanded the sizes of the joints.
The stile and rail bits are really two bits in one. These bits are used for constructing panels and frames.They simultaneously do a decorative edge and cut a panel slot for frame assembly. The rain and stile bit is often used for making cabinet frames and passage doors, stile and rail bits also carve decorative profiles and panel slots into the edge of a door frame.These bits may be considered specialized, but they are very handy to have when working on furniture.
The tongue and groove router is a set of 2 bits that helps to create custom tongue and groove hardwood flooring and inlays.The joint is used to fit 2 or more similar objects together edge-to-edge. Each piece has a slot or “groove” cut all along one edge, and a thin, deep ridge or “tongue” shaped on the opposite edge.They produce cut outs on floorboards with nail slots.The rounded profile on the groove bit cuts a joint that prevents debris on the floor from getting in the way of a nice tight fit.
Tight miter joints are the trademark of fine wood working and the Lock Miter Bit will cuts these easily to provide a strong mechanical locking action that makes it much easier to clamp. The profile on this bit will produce a gluing surface that will strengthen the joint over a basic rabbet or butt joint. Machining parts with the Lock Miter Bit is easy—with the bit height set, one part is cut horizontally on the router table, while the corresponding part is cut vertically.This bit is ideal for joining drawer boxes, cabinet parts, and for building 4-sided columns.
The spiral mortising router bits was made to cut dadoes in wood. These bits come in two types, the first is an Upcut spiral that helps remove material. This one is perfect for making mortise and tenon joints. The second one is the Downcut spiral. It is designed to hold the material in place while using handheld routers. These bits are used on plunge cuts and plane edges. The Spiral router bit helps eliminates chipping at the top of the cut. These bits are great for wood workers that build projects with a lot of soft & hard woods, plywood & composites, laminates, plastics and some non-ferrous metals.
A beading bit is similar to the round over bit in that it applies a rounded profile to the edge of the wood or stock that is used for decorative purposes. The marked difference between the two is that the beading bit also cuts a square shoulder on the top and bottom edges of the round-over profile. Beading bits often have a bearing tip that rides along the edge of the piece of stock as it is cutting out the design.This bit cuts round shapes bounded by fillets. It creates a bead like contour in the wood piece.
The Bullnose Radius Bit is designed to cut a perfect half-round profile in a variety of stock widths. These bits are used to carve a nice rounded edge, often used for the front edge on a counter top. Unlike quarter round bits, these will not leave a flat in the middle of the stock, and you can complete the profile in a single pass.
The keyhole router bit is designed to cut keyhole style slot in either vertical or horizontal for hanging pictures, plaques and other wall hangings. The finished slot has a wide end that accepts a screw, while the narrower section captures the screw head. This is a plunge style bit that creates larger diameters, then allows you to rout laterally to create the narrower slot. Keyhole slots are also sometimes used for knock-down furniture.
These bit are considered specialized bits for the intermediate to advanced wood worker that wants to take their projects to the next level and add a mark of fine craftsmanship. Many of these bits can be purchased separately or in sets online.The best part about using a wood routers is all the different specialized bit profiles that you can discover and use to make your projects unique. The list of the Top Ten Advance Router Bits above are my idea of what should be in a wood crafter’s work shop, but you can agree with me or let me know what router bits you feel are needed for a wood workers shop. I would love to have your comments and views.